Ginger 

Botanical name

Zingiber officinale  

Common Names

Ginger

FAMILY

Zingiberaceae

Description

Ginger is a large tuberous perennial plant native to southern Asia, now cultivated extensively in almost all tropical and subtropical countries, especially China, India, Nigeria, Australia, Jamaica, and Haiti.

Part supplied

The chopped root.

Food Use

Ginger is a widely used spice and available as the fresh root, a dried powder, ginger juice, ginger essence, ginger sweets, gingerbread, ginger biscuits, ginger ale and ginger beer. Ginger is a key component in many Asian, Oriental and Indian dishes. Chopped and grated ginger can be added to most savoury meals. 

Ginger is widely used in aperitifs to stimulate the appetite and historically was added to 'ship's biscuits' to guard against the nausea of motion sickness for which it is used medicinally.

It is warming and comforting when used in aromatherapy and skin creams, and often included in muscle rubs or joint massage.

Recipes

Use 1 teaspoon of dried herb to one cup of boiling water to make a tasty tea. Infuse for 5-10 minutes. Sweeten with honey or lemon to taste.

Alternatively add half a teaspoon (2.5 ml) of tincture to a cup of warm water for a quick alternative to tea.

The herb can be added as a flavouring to gin, vodka and other infusions.

HOW TO MAKE CRYSTALLISED GINGER

Peel and cube the ginger and simmer in a little water until soft. Drain the liquid (keeping the ginger pieces aside) and add an equal volume of sugar and a tablespoon of ginger juice. Simmer on a low heat until the mixture becomes thick. Take off the heat and add the cooked ginger pieces until they are coated, then turn the pieces out onto greaseproof paper to cool. Keep them in a glass or ceramic jar.

Medicinal Use

A warming, stimulating herb that allays inflammation. It is often added to laxatives to allay the griping side effects.

Key actions: antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-nematode, anti-trematode, anti-viral, anti-oxidant, anti-cholesterolaemic, anti-platelet, cardiovascular stimulant, carminative, anti-nausea, anti-emetic, gastro-protective, anti-ulcer, anthelmentic, cholagogue, anti-rheumatic, diaphoretic, analgesic, inhibits CoX-1, COX-2 and 5-LOX.

In clinic:  Ginger is also used to relieve morning sickness in pregnant women. Ginger is very good in settling a variety of stomach conditions including food poisoning type symptoms. 

If you are interested in the medicinal use of this herb please consult a herbalist. Herbs are generally used at medicinal strength, in blends, prescribed for each unique patient's condition.

Directions

Infusion: About half a teaspoon of herb (0.2 to 1 g) to a cup of cold water. Pour boiling water over the herb and leave to infuse for 5 to 10 minutes. Flavour with lemon, ginger or honey if desired. Drink 3 times a day unless otherwise told by a medical herbalist.

Decoction: About half a teaspoon of herb (0.2 to 1 g) to a cup of cold water, bring to the boil and leave to sit for 15 minutes. Or steep 1 teaspoon bark in cold water overnight. Flavour with lemon, ginger or honey if desired. Drink 3 times a day unless otherwise told by a medical herbalist.

Tincture: Take 0.5 to 1.6 ml (1:5 tincture), 3 times a day or as directed by a practitioner.

Fluid extract: 1:2 Take 0.2 to 0.6 ml, 3 times a day or as directed by a practitioner.

Dried Herb: Maximum of 3 g per day may be taken as a powder or capsules.

Other Uses

Cosmetic Use

None known.

Other Uses

Clinical trials also show that ginger is effective for pain relief (such as in migraine, arthritis, sprains and exercise pain) and as an anti-inflammatory. It inhibits blood platelets from sticking together (clumping) which is often associated with migraine headaches.

Ginger is an extremely good antibiotic, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, and anti-viral and is used in a wide variety of conditions. A ginger and honey gargle can be helpful in throat infections and infected tonsillitis.

As it is anti-neoplastic and radiation protective it is also used to support patients undertaking chemotherapy and cancer treatment.

Cautions

Contraindications

None known.

This herb is considered safe in food amounts. Do not take if you are allergic to this plant or other members of this plant's family (Zingiberaceae). Not all herbs are suitable in pregnancy, breastfeeding or for young children. If in doubt, please ask us or your medical herbalist.

Side effects

Allergies are rare but possible and slight gastrointestinal reactions can occur. Plant extracts cause few side effects when taken correctly but if a side effect is experienced please contact us.

Interactions with drugs

Could interact with anticoagulants such as warfarin when ingesting a high dosage. Ginger may also increase the bioavailability in a range of other medication. 

Herbal remedies and supplements can interact with medicines. If you are taking medication please check with your medical practitioner, or call us, before taking herbs, supplements and medication together.

More Information

Articles

There are currently no articles related to this herb.

Recipes

Look in our recipes section for more uses of this herb.

Research

Read the latest PubMed research on this herb.

Add to BagZingiber officinale - Ginger root cut 100g £5.75
Add to BagZingiber officinale - Ginger root cut 250g £12.00
Add to BagZingiber officinale - Ginger root cut 500g £18.50
Add to BagZingiber officinale - Ginger root cut 1kg £36.99
Add to BagGinger Powder 100g £4.95
Add to BagGinger Powder 250g £9.95
Add to BagGinger Powder 500g £18.25
Add to BagGinger Powder 1kg £34.50

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