Oil Type Brief description of applications and uses
Basil Chest infections, Digestive problems, Fever, Tired & Aching muscles, Gum & Mouth infections, Mental fatique, Jaundice, Head cold.
Benzoin Cold, Flu, Sore throat, Stimulates circulation, Cracked hands, Warming & Soothing, Depresion, Anxiety, Sadness, Urine flow.
Bergamot Cystitis, Vaginal itching, Tension, Anxiety, Depression, Fever, Insect repellant, Digestive problems, Cold sores, Shingles, Blisters.
Black Pepper Muscle aches & pains, Poor circulation, Chillblains, Sprains, Constipation, Colic, Colds, Flu, Infections, Catarrh, Heartburn, Nausea.
Cajeput Colds, Respiritory infections, Mucua build-up, Catarrh, Sinusitis, Sore & aching muscles, Oily skin, Spots, Insect bites, Viral infections.
Carrot Seed Jaundice, Liver disorders, Eczema, Wrinkled skin, Burns, Dry & mature skin conditions.
Cedarwood Bronchial infections, Urinary infections, Cystitis, Vaginal infections, Catarrh, Acne, Aphrodisiac, Stimulant, Tonic.
Chamomile Boils, Abscesses, Digestive system, Tension, Stress, Anxiety, Diarrhoea, Cistitis, PMT, Sprains, Arthritis, Dry, red & sore skin.
Citronella Insect repellent
Cinnamon Digestive problems, Stomach cramps, Menstrual cramps, Aphrodisiac, Aches & chills of flu, Concalescence, Joint pain.
Clary Sage Stress, Tension, Relaxing, Asthma, Migrain, Convalescence, Digestive cramps, Excess sweating, Sexual tension, Hiccoughs.
Clove Bud Toothache, Scabies, Ulcers, Wounds, Acne, Athlete's foot, Bruises, Burns, Insect repellent, Cuts, Diarrhoea, Bronchitis.
Cypress Piles, Oily skin, Excess perspiration, Insect repellent, Bleeding gums, Wounds, Varicose veins, Asthma, Menopause, Stress.
Eucalyptus Colds, Catarrh, Infectious illness, Burns, Shingles, Muscular aches & pains, Rheumatism, Cold sores, Insect repellent.
Fennel Gout, Arthritis, Alcohol poisoning, Nausea, Flatulence, Indigestion, Hiccoughs, Cellulitis, Menstrual cycle, Gum infections.
Frankincense Coughs, Bronchial catarrh, Asthma, Older skin, Wrinkles, Heavy periods, Emotionally calming, Anxiety, Bereavement.
Geranium Dry & oily skin, Menopause, PMT, Fluid retention, Cellulitis, Tonic, Jaundice, Sore throat, Ulcers, Skin allergies.
Ginger Rheumatism, Arthritis, Muscular pain, Fatigue, Colds, Flu, Diarrhoea, Catarrh, Morning sickness, Travel sickness.
Grapefruit Fluid retention, Cellulite, Getting rid of toxins, Oily skin, Acne, Fluid retention, Depression, Muscular aces & pains.
Jasmin Menstrual pain, labour pain, Post-natal depression, Prostate trouble , Sexual problems, Aphrodisiac, Sensitive skin, Lethargy.
Juniper Urine retention, Cystitis, Detoxification, Prostate trouble, Irregular periods, Acne, Convalescence, Appetite stimulant, Fleas on animals.
Lavender Colds, Coughs, Flu, Headache, Insomnia, Catarrh, Muscular pain, Rheumatism, Arthritis, menstrual pain, Skin conditions.
Lemon Reducing temperature, Bronchitis, Flu, Hlps stop bleeding, Gum tonic, Gout, Rheumatism, Digestive tonic, Dull skin.
Lemongrass Headaches, Tired & sweaty feet, Acne, Athletes foot, Perspiration, Poor circulation, Nervous exhaustion, Stress, Insect repellent.
Lime Acne, Anaemia, Brittle nails, Chillblains, Greasy skin, Spots, Varicose veins, Throat infections, Catarrh, Warts, Insect bites.
Litsea Cubeba Oily skin, Congested skin, Spots, Acne, Flatulence, Indigestion, High blood pressure, Nervous tension, Stress, Insect repellent.
Mandarin Acne, Oily & congested skin, Spots, Scars, Stretch marks, Fluid retention, Obesity, Insomnia, nervous tension, Hiccoughs.
Manuka Colds, Catarrh, Sinusitis, Sore throat, Spots, Cuts, Boils, Acne, Oily skin, Insect bites, Fleas on animals, Muscular pain, Allergic rashes.
Marjoram Chest infections, Asthma, Chilblains, Bruises, Arthritis, Lumbago Muscular aches, Colic, Constipation, PMS, Headache, Insomnia.
Melissa Allergies, Insect bites, Eczma, Asthma, Bronchitis, Coughs, Colic, Indigestion, Nausea, Menstrual problems, Anxiety, Shock.
Myrrh Chapped skin, Athletes foot, Eczma, mature complexions, Wrinkles, Wounds, Gum infections, Chest problems, Thrush, Colds.
Neroli Scars, Stretch marks, Thread veins, Wrinkles, Palpitations, Poor circulation, Spasm, Colic, Flatulence, Anxiety, PMT, Stress, Shock.
Niaouli Cystitis, Urinary infection, Minor wounds, Burns, Cuts, Boils, Acne, Chest infections.
Nutmeg Bacterial infection, Impotence, Neuralgia, Nervous fatigue, Flatulence, Nausea, Arthritis, Gout, Sluggish digestion.
Orange Helps in winter months, Gum infections, Mouth ulcers, Dull & oily skin, Water retention, Chills, Flu, Obesity, Palpitations.
Palmarosa Acne, Skin infections, Wrinkles, Skin moisturiser, Anorexia, Nervous conditions, Cell regeneration, Stress.
Patchouli Athletes foot, Acne, Dandruff, Dermatitis, Eczma, Oily skin, Sores, Wounds, Wrinkles, Frigidity, Nervous exhaustion, Stress.
Peppermint Ringworm, Scabies, Toothache, Dermatitis, Muscular pain, Palpitations, Catarrh, Head colds, Fainting, Headache, Mental fatigue.
Petitgrain Acne, Excessive perspiration, Greasy skin & hair, Dyspepsia, Flatulence, Convalescence, Insomnia, Stress, Nervous conditions.
Pine Cuts, Excessive perspiration, Scabies, Lice, Arthritis, Aches & pains, Asthma, Poor circulation, Sore throat, Sinusitis, Stress, Colds.
Rose Broken capillaries, Dry & sensitive skin, Wrinkles, Poor circulation, Asthma, Hay fever, Liver congestion, Impotence, Stress, Nausea.
Rosemary Dandruff, Greasy hair, Brain stimulant, Cold, Catarrh, Sinusitis, Cholesterol, Tonic for heart, liver & gallbladder, Stiff muscles, Gout.
Rosewood Cell regeneration, Depression, Stress, Bereavement, Frigidity, Aphrodisiac, Chronic fatigue, Glandular fever, Skin problems, Wounds.
Sage Overworked muscles, Sport injuries, Mouth infections. WARNING... TAKE CARE WITH THIS OIL.
Sandalwood Dry & cracked skin, greasy & chapped skin, Catarrh, Coughs, Nausea, Cystitis, Depression, Insomnia, Stress, Diarrhoea, Bronchitis.
Spearmint Congested skin, Acne, Dermatitis, Asthma, Bronchitis, Catarrh, Nausea, Sickness, Cold, Fever, Headache, Fatigue, Strain, Stress.
Tea Tree Abscess, Acne, Athlete's foot, Cold sores, Dandruff, Herpes, Insect bites, Asthma, Catarrh, Thrush, Chicken pox, Flu, Fever, Veruccae.
Thyme Absdess, Acne, Burns, Oily skin, Gum infections, Arthritis, Gout, Muscle pain, Sore throat, Cold, Chills, Insomnia, Headaches, Stress.
Vanilla Sensual aphrodisiac, Tension, Menstrual problems.
Verbena Digestive problems especially related to stress, Hangover, Insomnia, Anxiety, Stress, Tonic for nervous system, Liver congestion.
Vetivert Acne, Cuts, Oily skin, Wounds, Muscular aches, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Stiffness, Depression, Insomnia, Nervous tension, Stress.
Ylang Ylang Cramp, Constipation, Haemorrhoids, Indigestion, Hypertension, Varicose veins, Inflammation, Scars, Rashes, Thrombosis.

HAZARDOUS OILS. Some essential oils are considered hazardous due to their high toxicity levels or ability to cause severe dermal irritation. In this context, the following oils should be avoided. Bitter Almond: Arnica: Boldo: Broom: Bucha: Calamus: Camphor (brown/yellow): Cassia: Cinnamon (bark): Costus: Deertongue: Elecamane: Fennel (bitter): Horseradish: Jaborandi: Melilotus: Mugwort: Mustard: Oregano: Pennyroyal: Pine (dwarf): Fue: Sage (common): Santolina: Sassafras: Savine: Savory: Tansy: Thuja: Thyme (red): Tonka: Wintergreen: Wormseed: Wormwood.
TOXIC OIL. Some oils should only be used in moderation, i.e. only in dilution and only for a short time, because of their moderate toxicity levels. In this context the following oils should be used with adequate caution. Ajowan: Anise (star): Aniseed: Basil (exotic): Bay Laurel: Bay (west indian): Calamintha: Camphor (white): Cascarrilla bark: Cassie: Cedarwood (virginian): Cinnamon (leaf): Clove (bud): Coriander: Fennel (sweet): Hops: Hyssop: Nutmeg: Parsely: Pepper (black): Sage (spanish): Tagetes: Tarragon: Thyme (white): Tuberose: Turmeric: Turpentine: Valerian.
SENSITISATION. For some people, especially those with sensitive skin, even if using only as a perfume, the following oils may cause an allergic reaction. It is wise to 'patch test' these oils before using them. Basil (french): Bay Laurel: Benzoin: Cade: Cananga: Cedarwood (virginian): Chamomile (Roman & German): Citronella: Garlic: Ginger: Hops: Jasmin: Lemon: Lemon Balm: Litsea Cubeba: Lovage: Mastic: Mint: Orange: Peru Balsam: Pine (scotch & longleaf): Styrax: Verbena: Violet: Yarrow: Ylang Ylang.
DERMAL SKIN IRRITATION. The following oils MAY irritate the skin, especially if used in high concentrations. Ajowan: Allspice: Aniseed: Basil (sweet): Black Pepper: Borneol: Cajeput: Caraway: Cerdarwood (virginian): Cinnamon (leaf): Clove (bud): Cornmint: Garlic: Ginger: Lemon: Parsley: Peppermint: Pine Needle: Thyme (white): Turmeric.
PHOTOTOXICITY. Some oils are phototoxic, i.e. they can cause skin pigmentation changes if exposed to direct sunlight. For this reason, the following oils should not be used even in dilution on the skin where the area might be exposed to sunlight. Anjelica (root): Bergamot (except begapten-free variety): Cumin: Ginger: Lemon: Lime: Lovage: Mandarin: Orange: Verbena.
PREGNANCY. The following oils should be avoided altogether during pregnancy. Ajowan: Angelica: Anise (star): Aniseed: Basil: Bay Laurel: Calamintha: Cedarwood (all): Celery Seed: Cinnamon (leaf): Citronella: Clove: Cumin: Fennel (sweet): Hyssop: Labdanum: Lovage: Marjoram: Myrrh: Nutmeg: Parsley: Snakeroot: Sage (spanish): Tarragon: Thyme (white). The following oils should be avoided during the first four months of pregnancy. Peppermint: Rose: Rosemary.

© Napiers Herbals Ltd 2014 • Edinburgh and Glasgow • Herbalists and Medical Botanists since 1860
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